DO-326A / ED-202A Intro to Aviation Cyber-Security – Free 21-page AFuzion Technical Whitepaper
The Worst Nemesis – Aviation Cyber Threats… or DO-326 / ED-202?
A passenger walks into a commercial-flight airplane with a laptop, hacks its network, making it fly even higher… funny? Well, unfortunately, this is not the beginning of a joke – but rather of a potential nightmare.
The bad news? This (almost as described above) allegedly happened in 2015… The good news? The person was a “white-hat-hacker” – one of the “good guys”, who only strive to prove their point about the need to strengthen cyber-defense, so the airplane was actually “safe”.
That hacker got banned from almost any future flight, but RTCA & EUROCAE didn’t even require this stimulus, as by then – they were already frantically developing a solution for almost a decade. This solution, the first complete and workable DO-326/ED-202 “set” of documents was finally published in June 2018 – but even earlier than that, the FAA and EASA made the set’s earlier versions as mandatory as practical at any given point in time. Following its mid-2018 publication, this DO-326/ED-202 “set” is already widely regarded as an “Acceptable Means of Compliance” (AMC), i.e.: a de-facto mandatory standard.
How did we get “here” from “there”? Good question:
The “digital aircraft” is already as commonplace as the aircraft itself – as natural as aircraft wings or engines, to the extent that modern aircraft could be regarded as winged & powered computers.
The turn of the millennium saw the rise of the next aviation digital phenomenon – the “connected aircraft”: in which everything is connected to… well… everything else… This trend is anything but novel – digital radio-systems, GPS, ACARS, ADS-B: all these, and more, have been integral components of passenger aircraft for decades. Consequently, today’s new aircraft contain thousands of processors performing both independent and intricately related operations: where old aircraft had hundreds of processors in a “closed” system, today’s aircraft architectures and connectivity necessitate more openness. (Remaining 21 pages of DO-326A / ED-202A, DO-354, DO-355, DO-356 Aviation Cyber-Security Technical Whitepaper available by download from AFuzion – click below).
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